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California Education Code section 230 provides the legal definition of “Harassment and Other Discrimination on the Basis of Sex” as including but not being limited to the following practices: 

  • On the basis of sex, exclusion of a person or persons from participation in, denial of the benefits of, or subjection to harassment or other discrimination in, any academic, extracurricular, research, occupational training, or other program or activity.
  • On the basis of sex, provision of different amounts or types of student financial aid, limitation of eligibility for student financial aid, or the application of different criteria to applicants for student financial aid or for participation in the provision of student financial aid by others. Nothing in this subdivision shall be construed to prohibit an educational institution from administering, or assisting in the administration of, scholarships, fellowships, or other forms of student financial aid, established pursuant to domestic or foreign wills, bequests, trusts, or similar legal instruments or by acts of a foreign government, which require that awards be made to members of a particular sex; provided, that the overall effect of the award of these sex-restricted scholarships, fellowships, and other forms of student financial aid does not discriminate on the basis of sex.
  • On the basis of sex, exclusion from participation in, or denial of equivalent opportunity in, athletic programs. For purposes of this subdivision, “equivalent” means equal or equal in effect.
  • An educational institution may be found to have effectively accommodated the interests and abilities in athletics of both sexes using any one of the following tests:
    • Whether interscholastic level participation opportunities for male and female pupils are provided in numbers substantially proportionate to their respective enrollments.
    • Where the members of one sex have been and are underrepresented among interscholastic athletes, whether the school district can show a history and continuing practice of program expansion that is demonstrably responsive to the developing interest and abilities of the members of that sex.
    • Where the members of one sex are underrepresented among interscholastic athletes, and the institution cannot show a history and continuing practice of program expansion, whether the school district can demonstrate that the interest and abilities of the members of that sex have been fully and effectively accommodated by the present program.
  • If an educational institution must cut its athletic budget, the educational institution shall do so consistently with its legal obligation to comply with both state and federal gender equity laws.
  • On the basis of sex, harassment or other discrimination among persons, including, but not limited to, students and nonstudents, or academic and nonacademic personnel, in employment and the conditions thereof, except as it relates to a bona fide occupational qualification.
  • On the basis of sex, the application of any rule concerning the actual or potential parental, family, or marital status of a person, or the exclusion of any person from any program or activity or employment because of pregnancy or related conditions.

List of rights under Article 4. Sex Equity in Education Act [221.8]

    (a) You have the right to fair and equitable treatment and you shall not be discriminated against based on your sex.

    (b) You have the right to be provided with an equitable opportunity to participate in all academic extracurricular activities, including athletics.

    (c) You have the right to inquire of the athletic director of your school as to the athletic opportunities offered by the school.

    (d) You have the right to apply for athletic scholarships.

    (e) You have the right to receive equitable treatment and benefits in the provision of all of the following:

    (1) Equipment and supplies.

    (2) Scheduling of games and practices.

    (3) Transportation and daily allowances.

    (4) Access to tutoring.

    (5) Coaching.

    (6) Locker rooms.

    (7) Practice and competitive facilities.

    (8) Medical and training facilities and services.

    (9) Publicity.

      (f) You have the right to have access to a gender equity coordinator to answer questions regarding gender equity laws.

      (g) You have the right to contact the State Department of Education and the California Interscholastic Federation to access information on gender equity laws.

      (h) You have the right to file a confidential discrimination complaint with the United States Office of Civil Rights or the State Department of Education if you believe you have been discriminated against or if you believe you have received unequal treatment on the basis of your sex.

      (i) You have the right to pursue civil remedies if you have been discriminated against.

      (j) You have the right to be protected against retaliation if you file a discrimination complaint.

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